This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. While efforts have been made to preserve it, new legislation threatens its continuing practice in Russia. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights), Information about the Tatar language | So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site. Barlıq keşelär dä azat häm üz abruyları häm xoquqları yağınnan tiñ bulıp tualar. Chelkan, Tatar is official recognised as a provincial language in Tatarstan, and is recognised as a minority language in Poland. A modified version of the Arabic alphabet known as Yaña imlâ or new orthography was used between 1920 and 1927. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Teleut, Uzbek, In the early 21st century, some 300,000 Crimean Tatars resided in Crimea, and the Ukrainian government conferred special status to Crimean Tatar as a minority language. 11th century Kara-khanid scholar Mahmud al-Kashgari noted that the historical Tatars were bilingual, speaking Turkic besides their own language. Gagauz, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Institute of Language, Literature and Arts of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tatar_language&oldid=6966303, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Tatar-language. Other varieties include the minor eastern or Siberian dialects, Kasimov, Tepter (Teptyar), and Astrakhan and Ural Tatar. Today, Tatar is the official language of the Republic of Tatarstan, along with Russian. Kazan Tatar is the literary language. http://www.tatar.ru, Online Tatar news and radio A lively and informative new podcast for kids that the whole family will enjoy! Fuyu Kyrgyz, In Russia, the Tatar alphabet is Cyrillic by a federal government law passed in 2002. There are numerous dialectal forms. Tofa, Yakut, Other languages written with the: Arabic, Cyrillic and Latin alphabet. http://www.tatar.com.ru It is also an official minority language in Ukrainian Crimea. Kazakh, Karachay-Balkar, It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free. M… Tatar language, northwestern (Kipchak) language of the Turkic language family within the Altaic language group. Download alphabet charts for Tatar (Excel) In 1917, Tatar was made a de facto official language of the Tatar–Bashkir Soviet Socialist Republic(the USSR did not recognize official languages other than Russian). http://tugan-tel.at.tt, Online Tatar lessons and other resources Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, much of the Crimean Tatar diaspora returned to Crimea, which had become an autonomous republic of independent Ukraine. The major Tatar dialects are Kazan Tatar (spoken in Tatarstan) and Western or Misher Tatar. Turkmen, In 2012 the government of Tatarstan adopted a new Latin alphabet for Tatar, which is used mainly for Romanization. http://tugan-tel.com Nogai, ничек /ni'ɕek/, a = [ɒ] word initially and after an a pronounced [ɒ], Ё, Ж, Ц and Щ are only used in Russian loanwords. в = /v/ only in russian loanwords e.g. Old Turkic, It was used from 1928 to 1940, when it was replaced with Cyrillic by a Soviet law. врач /vratɕ/, ф mostly appears in loanwords, but also in a few native words, e.g. NB: these phrases come from a variety of sources which use … Khorasani Turkic, The major Tatar dialects are Kazan Tatar (spoken in Tatarstan) and Western or Misher Tatar. http://pauctle.com/tttr, Official Web-site of the Republic of Tatarstan (in Tatar, Russian and English) eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'omniglot_com-box-3','ezslot_3',148,'0','0'])); There are also Tatar speakers in a number of other countries, including Uzbekistan (702,000), Kazakhstan (104,000) and Turkmenistan (51,800) [source]. https://anatele.ef.com/partner/anat/, Online Tatar dictionaries In 1939 the Cyrillic alphabet was imposed by Stalin for Tatar and other Turkic languages spoken in the Soviet Union. http://www.azatliq.org, Altay, Chuvash, Tower of Babel | Tatar is official recognised as a provincial language in Tatarstan, and is recognised as a minority language in Poland. So what will become of this ancient language? Tatar has been written with a number of different alphabets: before the 9th century AD it was written with the Orkhon alphabet; then with a version of the Arabic alphabet until 1920. Tatar is an ancient language and one of the two official languages of Russia’s Republic of Tatarstan. Kyrgyz, Turkish, By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It was revived as a literary language in the 19th century but declined in use in the 20th century after Soviet leader Joseph Stalin’s deportation of the Crimean Tatars. яфрак, калфак. Salar, Crimean Tatar, Omissions? Soyot, The Tatar language is a Turkic language that is spoken by the Tatar people, and is the official language of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia. Corrections? Alarğa aqıl häm wöcdan birelgän häm ber-bersenä qarata tuğannarça mönasäbättä bulırğa tieşlär, All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Tatar is a Turkic language with about 5.2 million speakers mainly in the Russian Federation, particularly in the Republic of Tatarstan, and also in the Republic of Bashkortostan and other parts of Russia. http://suzlek.tazbash.ru Tatar, Krymchak, The Zamanälif alphabet has these 35 letters: A, Ä, B, C, Ç, D, E, F, G, Ğ, H, I, İ, Í, J, K, L, M, N, Ñ, O, Ö, P, Q, R, S, Ş, T, U, Ü, V, W, X, Y, Z. There are numerous dialectal forms. Bashkir, Copyright © 1998–2020 Simon Ager | Email: | Hosted by Kualo, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tatar_language, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tatar_alphabet, Bite Size Languages - learn languages quickly, Tatar has vowel harmony: front vowels are ә, э(e), и, ө and ү, back vowels are а, ы, ый, о, у, Stress always falls on the final syllabe e.g. Tatar was written using the variant of the Arabic alphabet shown below from the 9th century until 1928. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omniglot_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_0',141,'0','0'])); Between 1928 and 1939 Tatar was written with the version of the Latin alphabet shown below. Chagatai, Kumyk, This page was last changed on 30 May 2020, at 15:53. It has 39 letters, of which 33 are the same as in Russian. http://www.peoples.org.ru/eng_tatar.html The Russian Federation overruled this and Cyrillic became the sole official script for Tatar in 2002. Karakalpak, Since then it has been written with the Cyrillic alphabet and a number of versions of the Latin alphabet. However, Tatars in China still use İske imlâ. See also Turkic languages. The language was taught only in rural schools, while all higher education was in Russian.
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