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sydney australia population

The British colony of New South Wales was subsequently established with the arrival of the First Fleet of 11 vessels under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip in January 1788. 17.5% declared no religion. As of June 2019, Sydney's est… The Cadigal band are the traditional owners of the Sydney CBD area, and their territory south of Port Jackson stretches from South Head to Petersham. That same year, a design for the Sydney Town Hall by architect J. H. Willson was chosen which took its inspiration from the French style of the Hotel de Ville de Paris. On 3 September 1939 Prime Minister Robert Menzies announced the beginning of Australia's involvement in World War II on every national and commercial radio station across Australia. Governor Phillip was vested with complete authority over the inhabitants of the colony. In the early days of the colony this was mainly due to depletion of local food stocks and the advent of introduced diseases such as measles, possibly chicken pox, venereal disease and smallpox, to which the Aboriginal population had no genetic immunity. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); A History of Wollongong. [N 5][19][20], Sydney has been a hub of a number of migrant communities, such as the Lebanese, Fijian, Korean and Nepalese. He established public works, a bank, churches, and charitable institutions and sought good relations with the Aborigines. The "Eora people" are the coastal Aborigines of the Sydney district. Sydney's first tram was horse-drawn, running from the old Sydney Railway station to Circular Quay along Pitt Street. [18], 1.5% of the population, or 70,135 people, identified as Indigenous Australians (Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders) in 2016. Sydney remained Australia's most populous city throughout the 20th century, and is projected to retain this position for much of the 21st century. One of these was the Sydney Female Refuge Society set up to care for prostitutes in 1848.[39]. He founded the Royal Botanic Gardens and dedicated Hyde Park to the "recreation and amusement of the inhabitants of the town and a field of exercises for the troops". In 1840 the Sydney City Council was established. When confronted, Pemulwuy threw a spear at a soldier prompting the government troops and settlers to open fire. Officers of the Corps soon became involved in the corrupt and lucrative rum trade in the colony. [18] This area has been highly contentious, but in the 2014 review by Christopher Warren, in Journal of Australian Studies it was argued that British marines were most likely to have spread smallpox without the knowledge of Governor Phillip.[19]. After launching their Pacific War, the Imperial Japanese Navy managed to infiltrate New South Wales waters and in late May and early June 1942, Japanese submarines made a daring series of attacks on the cities of Sydney and Newcastle. Paul Hogan went from painter on the Sydney Harbour Bridge to local TV star, then global film star with his hugely successful Crocodile Dundee in 1986 (a film which begins with scenes of Sydney) while theatre institutions like the Sydney Theatre Company and National Institute of Dramatic Art nurtured the budding careers of actors innumerable, some of whom forged their early careers in the city.

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