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stars and bars flag

"Stonewall" Jackson as it lay in state in the Virginia capitol, May 12, 1863. [32][33] As a result of this first usage, the flag received the alternate nickname of the "Jackson Flag". The state flag of Georgia is very similar to the "Stars and Bars"; a prior design incorporating the Confederate Battle Flag was in use from 1956 until 2001. The first official use of the "Stainless Banner" was to drape the coffin of General Thomas J. 7 Star Stars and Bars Confederate 1st National Flag 5 x 8 ft. A Virginia Department of Historic Resources marker declaring Fairfax, Virginia, as the birthplace of the Confederate battle flag was dedicated on April 12, 2008, near the intersection of Main and Oak Streets, in Fairfax, Virginia. After the battle, General P. G. T. Beauregard wrote that he was "resolved then to have [our flag] changed if possible, or to adopt for my command a 'Battle flag', which would be Entirely different from any State or Federal flag". As the Confederacy grew, so did the numbers of white stars seen on the ensign's dark blue canton: seven-, nine-, eleven-, and thirteen-star groupings were typical. Many Confederates disliked the Stars and Bars, seeing it as symbolic of a centralized federal power the Confederate states were seceding from. Consequently, considerable confusion was caused on the battlefield. The red vertical bar was proposed by Major Arthur L. Rogers, who argued that the pure white field of the Second National flag could be mistaken as a flag of truce: when hanging limp in no wind, the flag's "Southern Cross" canton could accidentally stay hidden, so the flag could mistakenly appear all white. The editor of the Charleston Mercury expressed a similar view: "It seems to be generally agreed that the 'Stars and Bars' will never do for us. One seven-star jack still exists today (found aboard the captured ironclad CSS Atlanta) that is actually "dark blue" in color (see illustration below, left). Johnston also specified the various sizes to be used by different types of military units. Realising that they quickly needed a national banner to represent their sovereignty, the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States set up the Committee on Flag and Seal of which the Chairman was William Porcher Miles, who was also the Representative of South Carolina in the Confederate House of Representatives. On April 23, 1863, the Savannah Morning News editor William Tappan Thompson, with assistance from William Ross Postell, a Confederate blockade runner, published an editorial championing a design featuring the battle flag on a white background he referred to later as "The White Man's Flag. on the subject of Regimental or badge flags made of red with two blue bars crossing each other diagonally on which shall be introduced the stars, ... We would then on the field of battle know our friends from our Enemies. A white rectangle, one-and-a-half times as wide as it is tall, a red vertical stripe on the far right of the rectangle, a red quadrilateral in the canton, inside the canton is a blue saltire with white outlining, with thirteen white five-pointed stars of equal size inside the saltire. aka Stars and Bars Flag The First National Flag of the Confederate States of America, 13 Stars and Bars Flag was used during the Civil War. The Bonnie Blue was used by the Republic of Texas from 1836 to 1839. A similar flag design is used by Trenton, Georgia. It was sometimes called "Beauregard's flag" or "the Virginia battle flag". The design of the Stars and Bars varied over the following two years. For use of Confederate symbols in modern society and popular culture, see, First flag: the "Stars and Bars" (1861–1863), Second flag: the "Stainless Banner" (1863–1865), Third flag: the "Blood-Stained Banner" (1865). Three horizontal stripes of equal height, alternating red and white, with a blue square two-thirds the height of the flag as the canton. According to Museum of the Confederacy Director John Coski, Miles' design was inspired by one of the many "secessionist flags" flown at the South Carolina secession convention in Charleston of December 1860. Although this design was never a national flag, it is commonly recognized as a symbol of the Confederacy. It was flying above the Confederate batteries that first opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor, in South Carolina beginning the Civil War. The Committee began a competition to find a new national flag, with an unwritten deadine being that a national flag had to adopted by the 4th of May, 1861, the date of President Lincoln's inauguration - which would serve to show the world the South was truly sovereign, hundreds of examples were submitted from across the Confederate States, states that were not yet Confederate states (i.e. First variant of flag proposal by A. Bonand of Savannah, Georgia, Second variant of flag proposal by A. Bonand, Flag proposal submitted by the "Ladies of Charleston", First variant of flag proposal by L. P. Honour of Charleston, South Carolina, L. P. Honour's second variant of First national flag proposal, Confederate First national flag proposal by John Sansom of Alabama, William Porcher Miles' flag proposal, ancestor flag of the Confederate Battle Flag, John G. Gaines' First national flag proposal, Flag proposal by J. M. Jennings of Lowndesboro, Alabama, Flag proposal submitted by an unknown person of Louisville, Kentucky, One of three finalist designs examined by Congress on the 4th of May, 1861, lost out to Stars and Bars, Second of three finalists in the Confederate First national flag competition, Confederate flag proposal by Mrs E. G. Carpenter of Cassville, Georgia, Confederate flag proposal by Thomas H. Hobbs of Chattanooga, Tennessee, Flag proposal by Eugene Wythe Baylor of Louisiana, In addition to the national flags of the Confederacy, a wide variety of flags and banners were flown by Southerners during the Civil War. [12], Despite the passage of the Flag Act of 1865, very few of these third national flags were actually manufactured and put into use in the field, with many Confederates never seeing the flag. [citation needed]. When the American Civil War broke out, the "Stars and Bars" caused confusion on the battlefield at the First Battle of Bull Run because of its similarity to the U.S. flag, especially when it was hanging limp, down on the flagstaff. It was flown forward aboard all Confederate warships while they were anchored in port. The square "battle flag" is also properly known as "the flag of the Army of Northern Virginia". Confederate National flag of Fort McAllister, Confederate National Flag captured from Fort Jackson, Battle flag of the 11th Mississippi Infantry Regiment used at Antietam, Surrender flag of Army of Northern Virginia, National flag representing the Confederate States of America, This article is about historical uses of flags associated with the defunct Confederate States of America. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. / Forwarded to Montgomery, Ala. Feb 12, 1861, / Adopted by the Provisional Congress March 4, 1861". It was carried by Confederate troops throughout the war. This reflected the Confederacy's claims of having admitted Kentucky and Missouri into the Confederacy. He did not share in the nostalgia for the Union that many of his fellows Southerners felt, and believed that the flag of the South should be completely different to that of the North. "Neither Arkansas nor Missouri enacted legislation to adopt an official State flag" (Cannon 2005, p. 48). 3x5 Stars and Bars First National 13 Southern States CSA Civil War flag 3'x5'

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