1 ? Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. After returning to England he found more fame and acknowledgement. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} After Cambridge, Rupert Brooke moved to Grantchester to work on his thesis and poems. When his father passed away, Rupert  Brooke took over his position at the school for a term, before he returned to Cambridge. Rupert Brooke was born into late Victorian England's prosperous middle class. He believes the people who live to see the days after the war would be very fortunate as they would see the birth of a new generation; but the ones who might not be so lucky have nothing to fear as the war would bring an end to their ever-prevailing sufferings and conditions. Rupert Brooke - Biography and Works Rupert Brooke was a poet born to distinction. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Most influential and popular of these were the five War Sonnets. He spent a year (1913–14) wandering in the United States, Canada, and the South Seas. Romantically interested in both men and women, Brooke joined gay discussion clubs and political and dramatic societies. As part of his recuperation, Brooke toured the United States and Canada to write travel diaries for the Westminster Gazette. [7][1][20] The site was chosen by his close friend, William Denis Browne, who wrote of Brooke's death:[21]. While, and after studying, he established friendships with contemporaries and became a part of numerous literary groups including the Bloomsbury group, the Georgian Poets and the Dymock Poets. All rights reserved. It's clearly different from late Victorian and Edwardian poetry - including his own earlier work! In Brooke's sometimes turbulent personal life, his coping mechanism for a bad breakup was to take off and travel to a new country. Antwerp saw no major military action during the stay of the battalion and Brooke made the most of this peaceful time and penned his most famous work – a group of five war sonnets titled ‘1914 & Other Poems’. [citation needed] In 1905, he became friends with St. John Lucas, who thereafter became something of a mentor to him. The Poetry is in the pity. Correction Officer: How Do I Become a Correctional Officer. He was one of three boys, with one elder brother and one younger brother. In February 1915 he headed out for Dardanelles with the British Mediterranean Expeditionary Force but the course of the expedition was changed mid-route. Such poems, with their stirring idealism, were immensely comforting to the men and women trying to cope with personal losses and with loss on an unprecedented national scale. Dying at the age of 27, Brooke was embraced as the heroic voice of a doomed generation. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. The unit landed in Egypt where he contracted dysentery. Son of a Rugby master, he studied at his father's school and at King's College, Cambridge, and won many academic honors. They express an idealism in the face of death that is in strong contrast to the later poetry of trench warfare. Express Yourself: Celebrate National Poetry Month, Poetry School, Course and Degree Program Information. From 1909-1912, he lived in the village of Grantchester, near Cambridge. He had a love for poetry from a very young age. Create your account, Already registered? [31], However in 1919, Lord Alfred Douglas (in the afterword of his “Collected Poems”) wrote: “never before in the history of English literature has poetry sunk so low. [2][3], Brooke was born at 5 Hillmorton Road, Rugby, Warwickshire,[4][5] and named after a great-grandfather on his mother's side, Rupert Chawner (1750–1836), a distinguished doctor descended from the regicide Thomas Chaloner[6] (the middle name has however sometimes been erroneously given as "Chaucer"). He was only 27 years old. Much later it was revealed that he may have fathered a daughter with a Tahitian woman named Taatamata with whom he seems to have enjoyed his most complete emotional relationship. He campaigned in support of Poor Law reform and his social circle now included Henry James, Bernard Shaw, Cathleen Nesbitt and Violet Asquith. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. His best-known work is the sonnet sequence 1914. He was a high-achieving university student, charismatic and popular in literary circles and beyond. Corrections? In 1911 his Poems were published. He died of septicemia on a hospital ship off Skyros and was buried in an olive grove on that island. [17] Brooke was romantically involved with the artist Phyllis Gardner and the actress Cathleen Nesbitt, and was once engaged to Noël Olivier, whom he met, when she was aged 15, at the progressive Bedales School. 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rupert brooke biography

Study.com has thousands of articles about every At school at Rugby, where his father was a master, Brooke distinguished himself as a cricket and football (soccer) player as well as a scholar. Brooke was commissioned into the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve as a temporary sub-lieutenant[19] shortly after his 27th birthday and took part in the Royal Naval Division's Antwerp expedition in October 1914. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. . Here, he wrote a lot of pastoral poetry, a type of poetry based on both classical and English traditions of writing about nature and the appreciation of natural beauty. Brooke uses both pastoral imagery and the classical traditions he knew so well in contrasting the bustling city where he writes to the tranquil village he's writing about. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Rupert-Brooke, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Rupert Brooke, Poetry Foundation - Biography of Rupert Brooke, History Learning Site - Biography of Rupert Brooke, War Poet Association - Biography of Rupert Brooke, FirstWorldWar.com - Biography of Rupert Brooke, Rupert Brooke - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Although he traveled, he didn’t see much frontline action, but during his war travels, he penned “1914 & Other Poems” which went on to become his most famous work. [24], On 11 November 1985, Brooke was among 16 First World War poets commemorated on a slate monument unveiled in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey. "Rupert Brooke - Biography and Works." Few writers have provoked as much excessive praise and scornful condemnation as English poet Rupert Brooke. Did you know… We have over 200 college His first book was titled ‘Poems’ and it was released in 1911. He died at 4:46 pm on 23 April 1915, on the French hospital ship Duguay-Trouin, moored in a bay off the Greek island of Skyros in the Aegean Sea, while on his way to the landing at Gallipoli. Rupert Brooke has continued to fascinate people of all ages and walks of life ever since his untimely death en route to Gallipoli on St. George's Day 1915, at the age of 27. F. R. Leavis called him “the poet of a prolonged adolescence”; adolescence is his strength as well as weakness. [29], American adventurer Richard Halliburton made preparations for writing a biography of Brooke, meeting his mother and others who had known the poet, and corresponding widely and collecting copious notes, but he died before writing the manuscript. The articles were about his trips to Canada, America, various Pacific Islands and New Zealand. After his sickness and recuperation travel, he returned to England just before the breakout of the first world war. He was a member of the Dymock Poets, along with Robert Frost, Edward Thomas, Wifrid Gibson, John Drinkwater and Lascelles Abercrombie. At 4 o’clock he became weaker, and at 4.46 he died, with the sun shining all round his cabin, and the cool sea breeze blowing through the door and the shaded windows. By Stanley Casson. August 3, Kelly, "Friends and Apostles. No one could have wished for a quieter or a calmer end than in that lovely bay, shielded by the mountains and fragrant with sage and thyme. On the other hand his love life remained in tandem with his social life and he had affairs with several women. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. The Correspondence of Rupert Brooke and James Strachey, 1905–1914", "Committee Agenda Item: Borough Development – 16/09/2003. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | "[26], The wooden cross that marked Brooke's grave on Skyros, which was painted and carved with his name, was removed when a permanent memorial was made there. Create an account to start this course today. They left before he was better, and he then developed blood poisoning because of a mosquito bite. He came to public attention as a war poet early the following year, when The Times Literary Supplement published two sonnets ("IV: The Dead" and "V: The Soldier") on 11 March; the latter was then read from the pulpit of St Paul's Cathedral on Easter Sunday (4 April). At the same time, it's also markedly different from the more brutal subjects of war poets who wrote later. Beauties are abundant in such poems as The Great Lover, The Fish, The Soldier and Old Vicarage, Grantchester. English poet Rupert Chawner Brooke was born on August 3, 1887. Rupert Brooke was born in Rugby, Warwickshire, England on 3rd August 1887, to William Parker Brooke and Ruth Mary Brooke.Rupert Brooke's father was a school housemaster, in Rugby, which was the town they lived in. He was engaged to Noel Olivier once. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Updates? Rupert  Brooke attended independent schools for his education, Hillbrow School, and Rugby School. Rupert Chawner Brooke (3 August 1887 – 23 April 1915)[1] was an English poet known for his idealistic war sonnets written during the First World War, especially The Soldier. While Brooke excelled as a pupil, he was more popular for his efforts on the rugby and cricket fields. He entered his father's school at the age of fourteen. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Even as Brooke expresses his love and longing for Grantchester's traditions, the repeated question marks and broken rhythms suggest that he fears such traditions may be in danger. A wellborn English poet gifted with charm, good looks, and a circle of friends that included Virginia Woolf. Brooke also found happiness closer to home. Item 15", "Royal Naval Division service record (extract)", "This Side of Paradise: Rupert Brooke and the South Seas", "Patrick Houston Shaw-Stewart (1888–1917), War Poet", "Casualty Details: Brooke, Rupert Chawner", "Rupert Brooke and Skyros. With woodcut illustrations » 6 Aug 1921 » the Spectator Archive", "Help to design memorial to Rupert Brooke", "The Royal Naval Division War Memorial (1392454)", Richard Halliburton Papers: Correspondence, Schroder Collection (Rupert Brooke), Cambridge University Digital Library, Rupert Brooke profile and poems on Poets.org, Rupert Brooke at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission database, Rupert Brooke Correspondence and Writings, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rupert_Brooke&oldid=983740242, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve personnel of World War I, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The opening two stanzas of his poem "Dust" were set to music by the pop group, In the fourth and final episode of the 2003 BBC series. He was engaged for a time to Noel Olivier but never settled down. For the next three years, he travelled and wrote poems extensively. Rupert Brooke was an English poet who is widely known for his poem ‘The Soldier’, which was a part of five war sonnets. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. He also belonged to another literary group known as the Georgian Poets and was one of the most important of the Dymock poets, associated with the Gloucestershire village of Dymock where he spent some time before the war. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. After returning to England he found more fame and acknowledgement. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} After Cambridge, Rupert Brooke moved to Grantchester to work on his thesis and poems. When his father passed away, Rupert  Brooke took over his position at the school for a term, before he returned to Cambridge. Rupert Brooke was born into late Victorian England's prosperous middle class. He believes the people who live to see the days after the war would be very fortunate as they would see the birth of a new generation; but the ones who might not be so lucky have nothing to fear as the war would bring an end to their ever-prevailing sufferings and conditions. Rupert Brooke - Biography and Works Rupert Brooke was a poet born to distinction. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Most influential and popular of these were the five War Sonnets. He spent a year (1913–14) wandering in the United States, Canada, and the South Seas. Romantically interested in both men and women, Brooke joined gay discussion clubs and political and dramatic societies. As part of his recuperation, Brooke toured the United States and Canada to write travel diaries for the Westminster Gazette. [7][1][20] The site was chosen by his close friend, William Denis Browne, who wrote of Brooke's death:[21]. While, and after studying, he established friendships with contemporaries and became a part of numerous literary groups including the Bloomsbury group, the Georgian Poets and the Dymock Poets. All rights reserved. It's clearly different from late Victorian and Edwardian poetry - including his own earlier work! In Brooke's sometimes turbulent personal life, his coping mechanism for a bad breakup was to take off and travel to a new country. Antwerp saw no major military action during the stay of the battalion and Brooke made the most of this peaceful time and penned his most famous work – a group of five war sonnets titled ‘1914 & Other Poems’. [citation needed] In 1905, he became friends with St. John Lucas, who thereafter became something of a mentor to him. The Poetry is in the pity. Correction Officer: How Do I Become a Correctional Officer. He was one of three boys, with one elder brother and one younger brother. In February 1915 he headed out for Dardanelles with the British Mediterranean Expeditionary Force but the course of the expedition was changed mid-route. Such poems, with their stirring idealism, were immensely comforting to the men and women trying to cope with personal losses and with loss on an unprecedented national scale. Dying at the age of 27, Brooke was embraced as the heroic voice of a doomed generation. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. The unit landed in Egypt where he contracted dysentery. Son of a Rugby master, he studied at his father's school and at King's College, Cambridge, and won many academic honors. They express an idealism in the face of death that is in strong contrast to the later poetry of trench warfare. Express Yourself: Celebrate National Poetry Month, Poetry School, Course and Degree Program Information. From 1909-1912, he lived in the village of Grantchester, near Cambridge. He had a love for poetry from a very young age. Create your account, Already registered? [31], However in 1919, Lord Alfred Douglas (in the afterword of his “Collected Poems”) wrote: “never before in the history of English literature has poetry sunk so low. [2][3], Brooke was born at 5 Hillmorton Road, Rugby, Warwickshire,[4][5] and named after a great-grandfather on his mother's side, Rupert Chawner (1750–1836), a distinguished doctor descended from the regicide Thomas Chaloner[6] (the middle name has however sometimes been erroneously given as "Chaucer"). He was only 27 years old. Much later it was revealed that he may have fathered a daughter with a Tahitian woman named Taatamata with whom he seems to have enjoyed his most complete emotional relationship. He campaigned in support of Poor Law reform and his social circle now included Henry James, Bernard Shaw, Cathleen Nesbitt and Violet Asquith. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. His best-known work is the sonnet sequence 1914. He was a high-achieving university student, charismatic and popular in literary circles and beyond. Corrections? In 1911 his Poems were published. He died of septicemia on a hospital ship off Skyros and was buried in an olive grove on that island. [17] Brooke was romantically involved with the artist Phyllis Gardner and the actress Cathleen Nesbitt, and was once engaged to Noël Olivier, whom he met, when she was aged 15, at the progressive Bedales School.

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