1895) 1941 Highlights About December 7, 1941 Tokyo transmitted the 5000-word notification (commonly called the "14-Part Message") in two blocks to the Japanese Embassy in Washington. Much of the Pacific fleet was rendered useless: Five of eight battleships, three destroyers, and seven other ships were sunk or severely damaged, and more than 200 aircraft were destroyed. West Virginia was hit by seven torpedoes, the seventh tearing away her rudder. The destroyer Shaw was badly damaged when two bombs penetrated her forward magazine. Fortunately for the United States, all three Pacific fleet carriers were out at sea on training maneuvers.  While U.S. Pacific bases and facilities had been placed on alert on many occasions, U.S. officials doubted Pearl Harbor would be the first target; instead, they expected the Philippines would be attacked first. In less than eleven months, most of Japan's elite naval aviators who had been at Pearl Harbor were lost in subsequent battles. On December 11, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, even though the Tripartite Pact did not require it. This presumption was due to the threat that the air bases throughout the country and the naval base at Manila posed to sea lanes, as well as to the shipment of supplies to Japan from territory to the south. The next time you can reuse 1941 calendar will be in 2025. Second, it was hoped to buy time for Japan to consolidate its position and increase its naval strength before shipbuilding authorized by the 1940 Vinson-Walsh Act erased any chance of victory. The Japanese planes were approaching from a direction very close (only a few degrees difference) to the bombers, and while the operators had never seen a formation as large on radar, they neglected to tell Tyler of its size. Both of its torpedoes were missing. . Oklahoma capsized. Unlike the later practice with major news stories, there were only brief interruptions of scheduled commercial programming. (In fact, U.S. code breakers had already deciphered and translated most of the message hours before he was scheduled to deliver it. Admiral James Richardson was removed from command shortly after protesting President Roosevelt's decision to move the bulk of the Pacific fleet to Pearl Harbor.  Eighteen ships were sunk or run aground, including five battleships. The only aerial opposition came from a handful of P-36 Hawks, P-40 Warhawks, and some SBD Dauntless dive bombers from the carrier Enterprise. Transcribing the message took too long for the Japanese ambassador to deliver it on schedule; in the event, it was not presented until more than an hour after the attack began.  The captains of the other five carriers in the task force reported they were willing and ready to carry out a third strike. There are left before your next birthday.
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