The British Columbia Electric Railway provided rail services in Victoria and Vancouver between the nineteenth century and mid twentieth century. On the coast, harbour seals and river otters are common. (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); UN International Crime Victims' Survey; World Health Organization: World report on violence and health, 2002. A series of gold rushes in various parts of the province followed, the largest being the Cariboo Gold Rush in 1862, forcing the colonial administration into deeper debt as it struggled to meet the extensive infrastructure needs of far-flung boom communities like Barkerville and Lillooet, which sprang up overnight. There is planning for an extension of the Millennium Line through Vancouver City to the University of British Columbia. The completion of the railway in 1885 was a huge boost to the province's economy, facilitating the transportation of the region's considerable resources to the east. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. The province's economy was also boosted by unprecedented growth in the forest sector, as well as oil and gas development in the province's northeast. A couple of busy intercity corridors outside Greater Vancouver feature more heavily signalized limited-mobility arterial highways that are mostly four-lane and often divided by portable median traffic barriers. "Colonialism/ Imperialism" in Key Concepts in Political Geography. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province.. You can zoom the map in or out, center on your location through search or move it around. Instead, the BC Liberal party is a rather diverse coalition, made up of the remnants of the Social Credit Party, many federal Liberals, federal Conservatives, and those who would otherwise support right-of-centre or free enterprise parties. The five largest pan-ethnic groups in the province are Europeans (64%), East Asians (15%), South Asians (8%), Aboriginals (6%) and Southeast Asians (4%).. During the 1770s, smallpox killed at least 30% of the Pacific Northwest First Nations. Until the 1930s, rail was the only means of overland travel to and from the rest of Canada; travellers using motor vehicles needed to journey through the United States. The Columbia District was broadly defined as being south of 54°40 north latitude, (the southern limit of Russian America), north of Mexican-controlled California, and west of the Rocky Mountains. Add NationMaster content to your website. The northeast corner of the province east of the Rockies, known as the Peace River Block, was attached to the much larger Athabasca District, headquartered in Fort Chipewyan, in present-day Alberta. The E&N Railway, rebranded as Southern Railway of Vancouver Island, formerly served the commercial and passenger train markets of Vancouver Island. On July 18, 2017, NDP leader John Horgan was officially sworn in as premier of British Columbia. Copy code below and paste it into your website. Travel from the rest of Canada before 1885 meant the difficulty of overland travel via the United States, around Cape Horn or overseas from Asia. Jacquet, Marianne. Atlin in the province's far northwest, along with the adjoining Southern Lakes region of Yukon, get midwinter thaws caused by the Chinook effect, which is also common (and much warmer) in more southerly parts of the Interior. British Columbia is bigger than New Zealand. As the province entered a sustained recession, Bennett's popularity and media image were in decline. Signalization along both these highways is heaviest through urban areas and along inter-urban sections where traffic volumes are similar to and sometimes higher than the freeways, but where funding is not available for upgrades to interchanges or construction of high-mobility alternative routes or bypasses. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is significantly populated. By the end of the 1960s, several major dams had been begun or completed in—among others—the Peace, Columbia, and Nechako River watersheds (the Nechako Diversion to Kemano, was to supply power to the Alcan Inc. aluminum smelter at Kitimat, and was not part of the provincial power grid but privately owned). Guns per 100 residents BC Transit has recently expanded to provide intercity routes, particularly in the Northern region of British Columbia. British Columbia contains seven of Canada's national parks and National Park Reserves: British Columbia contains a large number of provincial parks, run by BC Parks under the aegis of the Ministry of Environment. , In 2017, British Columbia had the fourth-largest GDP in Canada, with a GDP of CA$282 billion and a GDP per capita of $57,335. Donald J. Hauka, McGowan's War, Vancouver: 2003, New Star Books, p.146. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. ; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). His expedition theoretically established British sovereignty inland, and a succession of other fur company explorers charted the maze of rivers and mountain ranges between the Canadian Prairies and the Pacific. Watching animals of various sorts, including a very wide range of birds, has long been popular.  Some of the province's retired rail beds have been converted and maintained for hiking, biking, and cross-country skiing. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Because of the many mountain ranges and rugged coastline, British Columbia's climate varies dramatically across the province. Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year), Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes), Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents, Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate, Violent crime > Murder rate per million people, Violent crime > Murders per million people, Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years, Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night, Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery, Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day, Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence, Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked, Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft, Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery, Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole, Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted, Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed, Gun ownership > Guns per 100 residents > 2007, Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence, Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter, Death penalty > Abolition for ordinary crimes, Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21, Drugs > HIV infections amongst drug users, Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen, Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen, Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled, Unpaid diplomatic parking fines per million, Justice system During El Niño events, the jet stream is much farther south across North America, making the province's winters milder and drier than normal.
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