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pope pius iv facts

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. He was elected without political influences from outside and in the best years of his life. Pius IX died one month later on 7 February 1878 at 5:40 pm, of epilepsy, which led to a seizure and a sudden heart attack, while saying the rosary with his staff. In 1815, he entered the Papal Noble Guard but was soon dismissed after an epileptic seizure. As in Spoleto, his episcopal priorities were the formation of priests through improved education and charities. After studying at University of Bologna and acquiring a reputation as a jurist he obtained his doctorate in both canon and civil law on 11 May 1525. In 1556 Pope Paul IV assigned him to the archdiocese of Foligno. Privacy Policy. In 1564, a conspiracy to assassinate the pope was uncovered, and in 1565, its organizer, Benedetto Accolti, was executed. He underwent several painful medical procedures, which he undertook with remarkable patience. His first official act was to grant an amnesty to those who had outraged the memory of his predecessor, Paul IV; but he refused clemency to Pompeio Colonna, who had murdered his mother-in-law. Shortly before his death, Pius VII sent him as Auditor to Chile and Peru in 1823 and 1825 to assist the Apostolic Nuncio, Monsignore Giovanni Muzi and Monsignore Bradley Kane, in the first mission to post-revolutionary South America. [4] Medici studied philosophy and medicine in Pavia. However, Gaisruck arrived too late; the new Pope was already elected. In 1854, he promulgated the dogma of the Immaculate Conception, articulating a long-held Catholic belief that Mary, the Mother of God, was conceived without original sin. Vol. Secondary education was largely in private hands or in the control of Catholic institutes and Religious orders. However, this decision, which he formulated as an infallible dogma, raised a question: Can a Pope make such decisions without the bishops? He continued joking about himself, when the Cardinal Vicar of Rome ordered bell-ringing and non-stop prayers for his recuperation. Liberals supported two candidates: Pasquale Tommaso Gizzi and the then 54-year-old Mastai-Ferretti. He also fought against what he perceived to be anti-Catholic philosophies in countries like Italy, Germany and France. He is known for presiding over the last session of the Council of Trent. This page was last changed on 2 January 2014, at 11:22. He encouraged Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina; he appointed to the cardinalate such eminent humanists as Girolamo Seripando, Stanislaus Hosius, and Guglielmo Sirleto; and he remained a loyal supporter of Michelangelo and heartened him in his work on the dome of the Basilica of St. Peter's. In this task, as well as in the application of the Index and in supervising the work of the Inquisition, his sense of moderation and flexibility came to the fore. By the second day of the conclave, on 16 June 1846, during an evening ballot, Mastai-Ferretti was elected Pope. While serving as papal nuncio in Spain, he developed an anti-Spanish outlook that later coloured his papacy. However, concordats were concluded with numerous states such as Austria-Hungary, Portugal, Spain, Canada, Tuscany, Ecuador, Venezuela, Honduras, El Salvador and Haiti. Last years and death Pius IX lived long enough to witness the death of his old adversary, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy in January 1878. After the council was dissolved, the pope ruled against priests being allowed to marry, but he ruled in favor of letting the bishop decide on whether to allow the laity to handle the chalice in countries that were heavily Protestant. As soon as he learned about the seriousness of the situation of the king, he absolved him of all excommunications and other ecclesiastical punishments. BACKGROUND . In the same year he published a bull granting the use of the cup to the laity of Austria and Bohemia. ReligionFacts provides free, objective information on religion, world religions, comparative religion and religious topics. Pius IX, who suffered from epilepsy, was beatified by Pope John Paul II on 3 September 2000. In 1831, the abortive revolution that had begun in Parma and Modena spread to Spoleto; the Archbishop obtained a general pardon after it was suppressed, gaining him a reputation for being liberal. He had been elected by the faction of cardinals sympathetic to the political liberalization coursing across Europe, and his initial governance of the Papal States gives evidence of his own liberal sympathies: Under his direction various sorts of political prisoners in the Papal States were released and the city of Rome was granted a constitutional framework under guidance of his friend, philosopher-prince Antonio Rosmini-Serbati. The government of the Empire of Austria as represented by Prince Metternich in its foreign affairs objected to even the possible election of Mastai-Ferretti. Pope Pius X was born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, on June 2, 1835, in Riese, in the Province of Treviso, in Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire (presently Italy), to Giovanni Battista Sarto and Margarita (née Sanson). In 1558, Medici left Rome, in part due to the political situation, but primarily to travel to thermal baths in Lucca in an attempt to heal his persistent gout. The pope contributed financial support to the war against the Turks in Hungary, where the Turks had been a problem for three decades. Pius IV (1499-1565), by backing the Council of Trent in its last and extremely tense period, emerged as one of the great popes of the Catholic Reformation. Mastai-Ferretti chose the name Pius IX in honor of Pope Pius VII (1800–23), who had encouraged his vocation to the priesthood despite his childhood epilepsy. On the other hand, others bemoaned the austere Roman culture during his papacy; Giorgio Vasari in 1567 spoke of a time when "the grandeurs of this place reduced by stinginess of living, dullness of dress, and simplicity in so many things; Rome is fallen into much misery, and if it is true that Christ loved poverty and the City wishes to follow in his steps she will quickly become beggarly...".[8]. The secular or laypersons were strongly in the majority with 6,850 persons versus 300 members of the clergy. "He was a glamorous candidate, ardent, emotional with a gift for friendship and a track-record of generosity even towards anti-Clericals and Carbonari. Through the 1850s and 1860s, Italian nationalists made military gains against the Papal States, which culminated in the seizure of the city of Rome in 1870. In 1562 the council was reassembled by his mandate. Pius IV is identified with the approval of an oath that was to be sworn upon taking an ecclesiastical office. Nevertheless, the clergy made key decisions and every job applicant had to present a character evaluation from his parish priest to be considered. Even though research calls for some modifications, the best modern comprehensive study of Pius IV is in Ludwig Pastor, History of the Popes, from the Close of the Middle Ages, vols. As in the preceding several elections, an equal number of cardinals supported each of the two principal powers of Europe, namely, the French on the one hand and the Hapsburg-governed coalition of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire on the other. For the distantly related founder of the, Last edited on 12 September 2020, at 22:49, http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/pio-iv_%28Enciclopedia-dei-Papi%29/, Loughlin, James. was often heard. For background consult Alexander Clarence Flick, The Decline of the Medieval Church, vol. Jubilees Pius IX celebrated several jubilees including the 300th anniversary of the Council of Trent, and his own Golden Jubilee in 1868. No, he died on 12/09/1565, 454 years ago. More than his predecessors, Pius used the papal pulpit to address the bishops of the world. During his pontificate, he convened the First Vatican Council in 1869, which decreed papal infallibility. He received his early education at Pavia, and in 1525 he earned a doctorate in canon and civil law at the University of Bologna. https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Pope_Pius_IV&oldid=4679234, Pius Quartus (Latin); Giovanni Angelo Medici (birth name). The pope maintained autonomy in the power struggle between his own office and those who wanted to empower an assembly. [2], In 1549, Pope Paul III made Medici a cardinal.

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