Hitler now turned his attention to Britain, which had the defensive advantage of being separated from the Continent by the English Channel. See also Pacific Islands.  Many Indian personnel received awards for gallantry, including 30 Victoria Crosses during the 1940s. The resulting Brazzaville Declaration represented an attempt to redefine the relationship between France and its African colonies.. See this article's section on Yugoslavia. Initially a labor battalion, AAPC's duties were gradually expanded to include anti-aircraft artillery operation and other combat duties.  Tanganyika became an important source of food and Tanganyika's export income greatly increased from the pre-war years of the Great Depression; however, this led to a rise in inflation.. Baku was the primary strategic goal of the right flank of Germany's 1942 Fall Blau offensive. During the height of the occupation, 25,000 British soldiers were stationed in Iceland, compared to roughly 40,000 inhabitants of Reykjavík. It created the Korean Liberation Army (KLA) on September 17, 1940 and declared war against the Empire of Japan on December 10, 1941. Rising to power in an economically and politically unstable Germany, Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party, rearmed the nation and signed strategic treaties with Italy and Japan to further his ambitions of world domination. As part of the British Empire, India was covered by Britain's declaration of war. Between 110,000 and 120,000 Japanese Americans were forcibly moved to internment camps. Despite its colossal losses, Soviets alone were responsible for 80% of Germans WWII military casualties. Japanese forces invaded beginning in January 1942 with the Battle of Rabaul; in the following months Japan occupied most of the Territory of New Guinea. Allied forces effectively besieged enemy garrisons, cutting them off from food and medical supplies.. From that point, Moroccan forces (especially the Goumier's) fought on the side of the Allies. After Darlan was assassinated, de Gaulle took power alongside Henri Giraud.  Belgian forces resisted the invasion in the Battle of Belgium for 18 days, but the Belgian army and its commander, King Leopold III, surrendered on 28 May 1940. Therefore, most of the colony was still under Japanese occupation at the time of its surrender in August 1945. It did not directly contribute with troops, aircraft, or ships, however 112 Dominicans were integrated into the U.S. military and fought in the war. The French took back control of the country in 1945–1946, but the First Indochina War that began that December would bring an end to French rule. Civilians engaged in volunteer efforts and submitted to government-managed rationing and price controls.  Jewish laborers at a concentration camp in Strasshof were hired out to work on estates belonging to the princely family. In June 1941, British and Free French forces invaded Syria, and after giving effective opposition, the Vichy forces surrendered in July 1941. Ubico resigned in June following a general strike, and the junta that replaced him fell to a military coup in October. , During the war about 100,000 people from Tanganyika joined the Allies. Burma was separated from British India in 1937 as a Crown Colony with a constitutional government. A considerable force was fighting from Finnmark (Kirkenes port etc.) When the American armed forces entered Samoa, using it as a port, four midget submarines were spotted entering the capital Apia's port. "And then his partner, Joe, saved him and took about two or three steps away from after that, and was shot himself.”. Riga was retaken by Soviet forces on 13 October 1944, and a major part of the German Army Group North (Heersgruppe Nord) was cut off in Kurzeme, the peninsula that forms the northwestern part of Latvia. She said becoming a nurse allowed her to get a Red Cross card, which helped her maneuver through police checkpoints. Seven children — and many grandchildren later — Alice still lives in the same home she bought with her husband. , During World War II, three battalions of the Nigeria Regiment fought in the East Africa campaign. Finland was left to the Soviet sphere of interest in Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, and when it refused to allow the Soviet Union to build bases on its territory, it was attacked by Soviet forces in the Winter War (30 November 1939 – 13 March 1940). In 1945 San Francisco, California, a conference was held attended by more than 50 countries and on which the United Nations Organization (UN) was founded. The U.S. government passed the Immigration Act of 1924, which restricted immigration quotas from Europe and completely cut off immigration from Asia. It was established much later that the Luftwaffe bombed Dublin's North Strand district as part of Operation Roman Helmet, an operation carried out in retribution for Ireland's breaches of neutrality which included Eamon DeValera's decision to send fire engines across the border to assist in fighting fires in the Belfast blitz. In 1943 the Germans established the Belarusian Central Council, a collaborationist government.
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